Impaired semen quality is frequent in Western countries and is the main reason or contributing reason in up to 50% of cases of couple infertility. Male factor infertility is mainly determined by examination of semen samples according to the World Health Organization’s 2010 guidelines.
AMH has both autocrine and paracrine properties through a direct effect via the AMH type II receptor and is therefore thought to be involved in spermatogenesis.
We aimed to study the association between the serum concentration of AMH and semen quality in a cross‐sectional study including 970 young Danish men from the general population. All participants provided a semen sample, had a blood sample drawn, underwent a physical examination, and answered a questionnaire including information on lifestyle and medical history.
Serum concentrations of reproductive hormones [AMH, luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle‐stimulating hormone (FSH), total testosterone (T), calculated free T, oestradiol (E2) and inhibin B] and semen parameters (semen volume, sperm concentration, and percentages of motile and morphologically normal spermatozoa) were determined.
We found no association between serum AMH and semen quality, except for a significant (p = 0.011) trend for lower percentage of normal morphology with higher AMH. AMH quartile was positively associated with serum inhibin B (p < 0.001), inhibin B/FSH ratio (p < 0.001) and T/E2 ratio (0.016), and negatively associated with FSH (p = 0.004), LH (p = 0.005) and E2 (p = 0.028). There was no association between AMH quartile and T, calculated free T or total T/LH ratio.
In conclusion, serum AMH is not useful as a marker of semen quality, and semen analysis using WHO criteria is still the golden standard in the evaluation of the infertile man.
Serum concentration of anti‐Müllerian hormone is not associated with semen quality
L. Aksglaede, I. A. Olesen, E. Carlsen, J. H. Petersen, A. Juul, N. Jørgensen
Department of Growth and Reproduction, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark
Andrology, Volume 6, Issue 2, March 2018, Pages 286-292