To determine whether sperm DNA integrity in normozoospermic male partners plays a role in idiopathic recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL).
Prospective, cohort study.
Academic tertiary care center.
Group I: 26 male partners of women with unexplained RPL. Group II: 31 normozoospermic males with proven fertility.
Semen samples were collected by masturbation after 48-72 hours of abstinence. After liquefaction at room temperature, semen analysis was performed according to World Health Organization standards. Only samples with >20 × 10(6) spermatozoa/mL with at least 50% progressive sperm motility and 30 % normal morphology were selected for the study. DNA fragmentation of the sperm was assessed with TUNEL assay followed by flow cytometric analysis.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):
Sperm DNA fragmentation in both groups.
Mean DNA fragmentation (mean ± SD) was significantly more in men with RPL (36.8 ± 5) compared with controls (9.4 ± 2.7).
Sperm DNA fragmentation may play a role in unexplained RPL despite normal semen analysis parameters.
Copyright © 2016 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Sperm DNA; TUNEL assay; recurrent pregnancy loss; unexplained infertility